Soviet prisoners in the SS Auschwitz

Transcript of interrogation of witness Skotnicki Ezhi about the living conditions in the camp,
including the murder of 7 Soviet officers in 1943
December 5, 1946, Lodz


Document translation

Transcript of witness interview

District III District investigating judge of the District Court in the city of Lodz Judge S. Krzyzanowski questioned the person listed below as a witness, with no oath. After being warned about criminal liability for perjury under Art. 107 Code of Criminal Procedure , the witness testified as follows:

"Name: Engineer Skotnitsky Ezhi. Age: 44. Parent names: Heinrich and Stefania. Place of residency: Andzheya street 35, Lodz. Professional activity: engineer at a chemical factory. Religion: Roman Catholic. Criminal record: none.

I ended up at the camp in Auschwitz in June 1943. I worked at the clearing station construction site at Kommandoplanienrung. After a short break connected with typhus, which I contracted at the camp and was treated for at the camp hospital, I continued working at this hospital for 4 weeks as a janitor. I then worked at Kommandoweberei, at a factory for the production of leather, rubber and cellophane goods for army needs and the unloading of army supplies. I was then transferred to a new bathhouse in Birkenau (B, IIg) Effektenlager which was not yet operating. This work allowed me to communicate with prisoners from different camps and with people coming of their own free will (Zugangi). My job was to service the disinfection boiler. There was a small table with a journal that listed the names of people who came in and out, recorded by the Schreiber (clerk). The journal contained the following: the date of arrival, where the truck came from, the type of truck/car, the number of people arrived, sex, bathing date and exit from the bathhouse to the camp (or a different place), other notes.

The last field contained notes on why the number of people who entered the bathhouse was different from the number of people who ended up in the camp. This happened when there was an additional selection process at the bathhouse: when the disabled, injured and pregnant people were weeded out by the doctor or the S.D.G. These people were sent directly to the crematorium.

For example, I remember a note regarding three Hungarian women from a different camp, which have ended up at Auschwitz before. These were pregnant women. Their identification cards in the journal were marked S.B. and the women were taken to the crematorium.

I also remember 7 Soviet officers who just came to the war prisoner camp. They were washed and their information recorded. They were tattooed with numbers, but all of this was done to distract them, since they already suspected they would be sent to die. The guards probably thought they would protest. The Aufnahme reception clerks later told me that they were also sent to the crematorium. This incident should be remembered, among others, by Ludwik Pshibyla, a railroad employee who lived in Gliwice on the street Gliwice, 14.

The so-called Lublin transport came in the same way. These were girls from Majdanek who were aware of camp conditions and said that they will most likely be sent to die, as they knew too much. In order to console them, they were given Aufnahme and tattooed, sent to the camp and given portions of food with the rest. On the second day, it turned out that the girls were taken to the crematorium at night. In the morning, when we went to work by the crematorium, we noticed the remains of food and abandoned portions.

Actually, the system of giving out food portions was used in the so-called Czech camp. This was the camp at the B II.b. field, the so-called Czech Familienlager. At some point, men and young women with no children were sent to other camps and the rest were poisoned with gas: women with children the elderly and very young people. They were all given additional food portions to make them think they were being sent away as well.

The procedure for accepting a new prisoner to the camp was such that the prisoner was too scared to realize that prisoners all human rights upon entering the camp, if prisoners even made it to the camp gates to being with.

he shipment that brought me to Auschwitz left Radom at 3.00 am…"

"…We figured that there was enough wood to burn five million corpses. When the massive gas poisonings stopped in the fall of 1944, the wood was shipped out. The hard wood was cut up into small pieces that served as fuel for cars operating on wood gas. In order to distract people, I know that every Czech and Hungarian shipment of people (of which only a few survived) were ordered to send letters to their relatives immediately. The letters were to indicate that they are in labor camps and that everything is ok, that the relatives should wait for their return. Instead of indicating KL Auschwitz as the address, they were to write down Birkenau, and then even Waldsee — a town located at the border with Switzerland. I was told about these letters by Jews from subsequent shipments."

Read: Engineer Skotnitsky Ezhi
Recorded by: Christina Szymanska
District investigating judge: Yang Song

Round stamp: District investigating judge in Krakow


In English

Document. Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum archive
Proceedings of the Warsaw trial of the Auschwitz commandant, Rudolf Hess
Syg. Dpr-Hd/7в
pp. 207, 207а, 210

Transcript of interrogation of witness and former prisoner Otto Wolken (camp number 128828),
on the treatment of Soviet prisoners of war in ...
April 24, 1945, Krakow

Document. Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum archive
Proceedings of the Warsaw trial of the Auschwitz commandant, Rudolf Hess
Syg. Dpr-Hd/6
pp. 1, 37

Pages from the Book of Punishment in the bunker of block 11.

The bunker of block 11 was the camp disciplinary segregation unit. 8 Soviet prisoners of war were sent here on June 11th, July 6th, August 28th, September 17th, October 19th, November 26th. 6 of them — Karpushev Yemids Yuli, Dashkovsky Yakov, Shevtsov Yakov, Ulyanov Nikolai, Algebrov Grigory, Tchebykin T. — were executed and 2 — Ivanov Nikolai, Antipov Grigory — released.

Single pages from daytime registers with special “AU” marks

These marks testifying about the murders of Soviet prisoners of war for political reasons and after the “Russisches  Kriegsgefangenen Arbeitslager” elimination.

Pages from the Book of the Disciplinary Company. 1.12.1943–4.10.1944

Contains surnames and personal numbers of 60 Soviet prisoners of war (POWs) specifying the length of punishment.
Personal numbers of Soviet POWs are marked with letter “R”.

The Archives of the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum.<br />Akta wiezniow/Szpital obozu w Bizezince. T.3. S.60 Sug.D-Au I/5

Document containing the note on assigning the Soviet prisoners of war (RKG) — Uzbeks — to Dr. Mengele

Document containing the note on assigning the Soviet prisoners of war (RKG) — Uzbeks — to Dr. Mengele specifying their surnames and personal numbers. 6.09.1944. Doctor Mengele conducted medical experiments on prisoners.

The Archives of the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum.<br />Liesty premiowe. t.14. k.1977

A page from the insentive list. September 1944

Soviet prisoners were referred to as ‘Russe’. Surnames and personal number are stated in the list.